RECTILLINEAR ARRAYS AND THEIR COMBINED RADIATION PATTERNS

V. O. Pelishok, O. M. Yaremko, M.I. Oleksin

Lviv Polytechnic National University

Abstract: 
A disadvantage of simple antenna is they do not always perform to specified requirements, such as the required width of the main lobe of radiation pattern (RP). In response, we often utilize straight array (SA) containing N emitters; each of which is employed as a simple antenna. The distance ‘d’ and the current phase difference ‘h’ between adjacent emitters are permanent. Requirements to insure SA are given depending on F (θ) – normalized RP multiplier of SA to the angle θ of spherical coordinate systems. The basic requirement for F (θ) is to provide a given direction of a single main lobe. The additional requirements are smaller width of the main lobe and smaller levels of side lobes. We can provide the basic requirements for F (θ) with differing combinations of values for (d, h, N) of SR parameters, thus additional requirements in each case would differ. This in turn raises the logical question - how to purposefully select the optimal combination of values of (d, h, N), where we can provide the best value of additional requirements? Selecting the optimal combinations by sorting possible options is futile and requires a more focused approach. In this paper we recommend combining RPs to solve this problem. For example, to select the optimum value of N, it suggested to use a combined RP type F (θ, N) with dconst, hconst. As a result, one can make a reasoned choice of the optimum value of the parameter N. Similarly we can propose to use other types of combined RP : F (θ, h) with dconst, Nconst; F (θ, d) with hconst, Nconst. To build combined RP we can use suggested method «2D-3D-2D'». For example, to build a combined RP type F (θ, N) RP on a plane is used (2D) F (θ) with Nconst, dconst, hconst. After that the following RP system is placed in a spatial (3D), with x = θ, y = N, z = F. Then in spatial system many similar RP (2D) are placed in the range of values of Na